Credit Line: Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887. William Adolphe Bouguereau (French, 1825-1905) Le jour signed and dated 'W. Bouguereau entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1846 and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1850. He received the Legion of Honour on 12 July 1859. Aged 15, Georges' health suffered, and his mother took him away from the bad air of Paris. Academic painting placed the highest status on historical and mythological subjects, and Bouguereau determined to win the Prix de Rome, which would gain him a three-year residence at the Villa Medici in Rome, Italy, where in addition to formal lessons he could study first-hand the Renaissance artists and their masterpieces, as well as Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities. For biographical notes and earlier works by Bouguereau see Part 1. Degas and his associates used the term "Bouguereauté" in a derogatory manner to describe any artistic style reliant on "slick and artificial surfaces",[23] also known as a licked finish. (129.2 x 89.2 cm) Classification: Paintings. Recognizing his talent and after being encouraged by a friend, his father took him to the Paris-based Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, … William also worked as a shop assistant, hand-colouring lithographs and making small paintings that were reproduced using chromolithography. In 1839, he was sent to study for the priesthood at a Catholic college in Pons. [2] Throughout the course of his life, Bouguereau executed 822 known finished paintings, although the whereabouts of many are still unknown. One of the leading 19th-century French painters working in the academic tradition, William-Adolphe Bouguereau produced scenes taken from classical, mythological, and biblical subjects, focusing primarily on female figures: goddesses, bathers, nudes, and Madonnas. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. Paul died at his father's house in April 1900, aged 32; Bouguereau had outlived four of his five children, only Henriette outlived him. May 27, 2018 - Explore Linda Farmer's board "Bouguereau Paintings", followed by 111 people on Pinterest. He had fulfilled one of the requirements of the Prix de Rome by completing an old-master copy of Raphael's The Triumph of Galatea. [13] He also used some of the religious and erotic symbolism of the Old Masters, such as the "broken pitcher" which connoted lost innocence. [5], By the late 1850s, he had made strong connections with art dealers, particularly Paul Durand-Ruel (later the champion of the Impressionists), who helped clients buy paintings from artists who exhibited at the Salons. At the time, his paintings were considered far too idealistic to be grouped seriously into the realist category. [23] To many, he epitomized taste and refinement, and a respect for tradition. The family moved to Saint-Martin-de-Ré in 1832. View William-Adolphe Bouguereau’s 744 artworks on artnet. Bouguereau reluctantly left his studies to return to his family, now residing in Bordeaux. He also gained wide fame in Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Romania and in the United States, and commanded high prices. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. [11] Bouguereau's fame extended to England by the 1860s. He had an older brother, Alfred, and a younger sister, Marie (known as Hanna), who died when she was seven. In many of his works, he followed the same classical approach to composition, form, and subject matter. The couple married quietly (for many assumed they were already wed) on 24 May 1866. "[29], The New York Cultural Center staged a show of Bouguereau's work in 1974—partly as a curiosity, although curator Robert Isaacson had his eye on the long-term rehabilitation of Bouguereau's legacy and reputation. This pastoral theme, almost always a single peasant girl in a landscape, became the subject matter for which the artist became most popular. Notre Dame des Anges ("Our Lady of the Angels") was last shown publicly in the United States at the World's Columbian Exhibition in Chicago in 1893. At the age of 12, Bouguereau went to Mortagne to stay with his … The artist commenced several paintings here and completed them in his Paris studio. He was happy to undertake other commissions to pay off the debts accrued in Italy and to help his penniless mother. His son Paul contracted tuberculosis in early 1899; Paul, his stepmother, and Bouguereau went to Menton in the south. Throughout his life, but moreso towards the end of his life, Bouguereau describes art as the one true happiness in his life. In 1866, the year of his marriage to Nelly, he bought a vast plot of land on the rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs, and an architect was commissioned to design a grand house with a top-floor studio. William-Adolphe Bouguereau was born in La Rochelle, France, on 30 November 1825, into a family of wine and olive oil merchants. William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French academic painter. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. The son of Théodore Bouguereau (born 1800) and Marie Bonnin (1804), known as Adeline, William was brought up a Catholic. Dante and Virgil in Hell (1850) was an early example of his neo-classical works. All were unsigned and only one has been traced. In Rêverie, Bouguereau depicts a young girl, seated on rocky steps, barefooted and gazing directly at the viewer. In The King in Yellow, by Robert W. Chambers, he is mentioned in various tales as a teacher at the École des Beaux-Arts. Artist William Adolphe Bouguereau Title The Bathers Origin France Date 1884 Medium Oil on canvas Inscriptions Inscribed lower left: W. Bouguereau 1884 Dimensions 200.7 × 128.9 cm (79 × 50 3/4 in.) [5], Bouguereau was an assiduous painter, often completing twenty or more easel paintings in a single year. The Salons annually drew over 300,000 people, providing valuable exposure to exhibited artists. The family moved to Saint-Martin-de-Ré in 1832. By this time, Bouguereau was turning away from history painting and lengthy commissions to work on more personal paintings, with realistic and rustic themes. On 19 August 1905, aged 79, Bouguereau died in La Rochelle from heart disease. 86. His paintings are characterized by their incredibly smooth surfaces and the masterfully executed human anatomy, with particular attention to the female body. He arrived in Paris aged 20 in March 1846. Painted in 1884. By the early twentieth century, Bouguereau and his art fell out of favor with the public, due in part to changing tastes. He was admitted to the studio of François-Édouard Picot, where he studied painting in the academic style. To fund the move, he sold portraits – 33 oils in three months. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Here the boy met a local artist, Charles Marionneau, and commenced at the Municipal School of Drawing and Painting in November, 1841. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: [wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. Bouguereau became a student at the École des Beaux-Arts. A third child, Jeanne, was born 25 December 1861. The idealized world of his paintings brought to life goddesses, nymphs, bathers, shepherdesses, and madonnas in a way that appealed to wealthy art patrons of the era. William Adolphe Bouguereau 431 artworks French Academic Classical painter, teacher, frescoist and draftsman Born 1825 - Died 1905 Born in La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France) Died in La Rochelle (Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France) Kelly was subsequently found guilty by a jury in Albany, New York, of defaming the dealer in remarks made in a television interview.[35]. He was admitted to the studio of François-Édouard Picot, where he studied painting in the academic style. William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wiljam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. Print has a " ghost impression " on back consistent with the inks used on front, and this is normal for a print of this age using darker inks. [12] Three paintings were shown at the 1863 Salon and Holy Family (Now at Chimei Museum) was sold to Napoleon III, who presented it to his wife the Empress Eugénie, who hung it in her Tuileries apartment. [14], Bouguereau received many commissions to decorate private houses and public buildings, and, early on, this added to his prestige and fame. Yet, as we shall see, it was he who single handedly opened the French academies to women, and it was he who was arguably the grea… [7] Comparing his work to that of his Realist and Impressionist contemporaries, Kenneth Clark faulted Bouguereau's painting for "lubricity", and characterized such Salon art as superficial, employing the "convention of smoothed-out form and waxen surface. Artist: William Bouguereau (French, La Rochelle 1825–1905 La Rochelle) Date: 1871. Eight days later, Jeanne died from tuberculosis. Nonetheless, he succumbed to heart disease at the age of 79; in his hometown of La Rochelle on August 19, 1905. During several decades he taught drawing and painting to hundreds, if not thousands, of students. The exhibition opened at the Musée du Petit-Palais, in Paris, traveled to The Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, and concluded in Montréal. Still based in Rome and working hard on course work, there were more explorations of Italy in 1852. [26] Two paintings by Bouguereau in the Nob Hill mansion of Leland Stanford were destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906. From Clark Art Institute, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Nymphs and Satyr (1873), Oil on canvas, 102 1/2 × 72 in William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo]; 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. Raphael was a favourite of Bouguereau and he took this review as a high compliment. See more ideas about william adolphe bouguereau, art painting, beautiful art. Study for the ceiling of the Bordeaux Opera, by William Adolphe Bouguereau, French, c. 1859, oil on paper on canvas - Middlebury College Museum of Art - Middlebury, VT - … The full text of the article is here →,, Self-Portrait - William-Adolphe Bouguereau, "[28], Bouguereau fell into disrepute after 1920, due in part to changing tastes. [2] As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. In 1875, with assistants, he began work on a La Rochelle chapel ceiling, producing six paintings on copper over the next six years. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). [18] He began to teach drawing at the Académie Julian[19] in 1875, a co-ed art institution independent of the École des Beaux-Arts, with no entrance exams and nominal fees. Bouguereau's work controversial more than a century after his death", "Bouguereau & America at The San Diego Museum of Art", Catalogue illustré des œuvres de W. Bouguereau, William-Adolphe Bouguereau: The Complete Works,, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1905: Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 22:59. Wlliam-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825-1905) French painter, a dominant figure in his nation’s Academic painting during the second half of the 19th century. In the 1980s, a revival of interest in figure painting led to a rediscovery of Bouguereau and his work. To supplement his formal training in drawing, he attended anatomical dissections and studied historical costumes and archeology. In an 1872 letter, Degas wrote that he strove to emulate Bouguereau's ordered and productive working style, although with Degas' famous trenchant wit, and the aesthetic tendencies of the Impressionists, it is possible the statement was meant to be ironic. An early reviewer stated, "M. Bouguereau has a natural instinct and knowledge of contour. Following 106 days of competition, he again failed to win. I am partial to the modern French school. Although he had a strong admiration for all traditional art, he particularly revered Greek sculpture, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Rubens and Delacroix. Read full biography. He also made reductions of his public paintings for sale to patrons, of which The Annunciation (1888) is an example. Provenance with Goupil & Cie., Paris (acquired directly from the artist). WILLIAM ADOLPHE BOUGUEREAU (French, 1825-1905) Fishing For Frogs, 1882 Oil on canvas 54 x 42 inches (137.2 x 106.7 cm... Auction amount: $1,762,500 Sold: May 15, 2012 In the same year a major exhibition was organized by the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in Canada. Bouguereau explored the city, making sketches and watercolours as he went. In 1882, he decided that rather than rent he would purchase a house, as well as local farm buildings. From the early 1870s, he and his family spent every summer in La Rochelle. Bouguereau confessed in 1891 that the direction of his mature work was largely a response to the marketplace: "What do you expect, you have to follow public taste, and the public only buys what it likes. His third attempt commenced unsuccessfully in April 1850 with Dante and Virgil but five months later, he heard he had won a joint first prize for Shepherds Find Zenobia on the Banks of the Araxes. The family was installed in 1868, together with five servants and with his mother, Adeline, visiting daily. [7] He walked to Naples and on to Capri, Amalfi and Pompeii. Active during the Victorian Era, Bouguereau became one of the foremost French artists of his time. Bouguereau 84' (lower left) oil on canvas 82 x 43 in. Nelly had a fifth child in 1876, Maurice, but her health was declining and the doctors suspected that she had contracted tuberculosis. He also studied classical literature, which influenced his subject choice for the rest of his career. Another sibling was born in 1834, Kitty.

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